Q1.what is the general idea of a Sybil Attack?
An entity creates multiple identities.
In Sybil Attack the attacker subverts the reputation system of a network by creating a large number of pseudonymous (false) identities in order to gain disproportionately large influence on the network.
Q2. What deficiencies within a system ( such as a cryptocurrency network ) can allow a Sybil Attack to occur?
A reputation system’s vulnerability to a Sybil Attack depends on how cheaply identities can be generated, the degree to which the reputation system treats all entities identically.
Proof of work ( like in Bitcoin) can be used to make Sybil Attacks more expensive.